Artificial intelligence: Artificial Intelligence (AI) is one of the most popular areas in computer science and engineering. AI deals with intelligent behavior, learning, and adaptation in machines, robots and body-less computer programs. Artificial intelligence is a technology that is already impacting how users interact with, and are affected by the Internet. In the near future, its impact is likely to only continue to grow. AI has the potential to vastly change the way that humans interact, not only with the digital world, but also with each other, through their work and through other socioeconomic institutions – for better or for worse.
Biometric data: personal data resulting from specific technical processing relating to the physical, physiological or behavioural characteristics of a natural person, which allow or confirm the unique identification of that natural person, such as facial images or dactyloscopic data (source GDPR)
Business process re-engineering: it refers to the analysis and redesign of workflow and business processes within and between companies with the goal to mimize errorsand expenses and improve performance.
Competence: ability to apply knowledge and skills to achieve intended results (source ISO 45001).
Conformity: fulfilment of a requirement (source ISO 45001).
Consent: any freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject's wishes by which he or she, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, signifies agreement to the processing of personal data relating to him or her (source GDPR).
Consultation regarding ISO 45001: seeking views before making a decision (source ISO 45001).
Contractor: external organisation providing services to the company following agreed specifications, terms and conditions (based on ISO 45001).
Controller: the natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data; where the purposes and means of such processing are determined by Union or Member State law, the controller or the specific criteria for its nomination may be provided for by Union or Member State law (source GDPR).
Data concerning health: personal data related to the physical or mental health of a natural person, including the provision of health care services, which reveal information about his or her health status.
Digitalisation of a company: integration and use of digital technlogies in order to change the business model and generate new sources of revenue and value-producing opportunities.
Documented information: information to be controlled and maintained by the company and the medium on which it is maintained (based on ISO 45001).
Effectiveness: extent to which activities are realised and to which planned results are achieved (based on ISO 45001).
Genetic data: personal data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a natural person which give unique information about the physiology or the health of that natural person and which result, in particular, from an analysis of a biological sample from the natural person in question (source GDPR).
Hazard: source with a potential to cause injury and ill health (source ISO 45001).
Industry 4.0: it refers to the application of modern systems of automation and data exchange in industrial production, in which decision making and production control in a factory take place in a decentralized way, through the internet (through the “cloud”).
Injury and ill health: adverse effect on the physical, mental or cognitive condition of a person (source ISO 45001).
Levels of confidentiality: It refers to special signaling of subjects discussed in information and consultation between employee representatives and the company management as far as who may have access of this information. E.g. for a multinational company a piece of information may be addressed to the Select EWC, or the whole EWC, or to include also national employee repesentatives or be accessible to all company employees.
Occupational Health & Safety Management System: It has to provide a framework for managing OH & S risks and opportunities or in other words to prevent work-related injury and ill health to workers and ensure them a safe and healthy environment.
Occupational health and safety opportunity: circumstances that can lead to imrovement of occupational health and safety performance (source ISO 45001).
Occupational health and safety risk: combination of the likelihood of occurance of a work-related hazardous event and the severity of injury and ill health caused by this event or exposure to it (based on ISO 45001).
Outsourcing: making an arrangement where an external organisation performs part of a company's function or processes (based on ISO 45001).
Performance: measurable result (source ISO 45001).
Personal data: any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person (source GDPR).
Personal data breach: a breach of security leading to the accidental or unlawful destruction, loss, alteration, unauthorised disclosure of, or access to, personal data transmitted, stored or otherwise processed (source GDPR).
Processing of personal data: operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, whether or not by automated means, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction (source GDPR).
Processor: a natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal data on behalf of the controller (source GDPR).
Profiling: any form of automated processing of personal data consisting of the use of personal data to evaluate certain personal aspects relating to a natural person, in particular to analyse or predict aspects concerning that natural person's performance at work, economic situation, health, personal preferences, interests, reliability, behaviour, location or movements (source GDPR).
Pseudonymisation: the processing of personal data in such a manner that the personal data can no longer be attributed to a specific data subject (based on GDPR).
Qualitative surplus/redundancies: the number of workers/employees that a company does not need anymore to operate well, because their qualifications do not correspond anymore to the requirements of the actual business and technology/work organisation it uses.
Quantitative surplus/redundancies: the number of workers/employees that are over the number the company needs to operate well, taking into consideration its actual level of business and technology/work organisation it uses.
Recipient: A natural or legal person, public authority, agency or another body, to which the personal data are disclosed, whether a third party or not. However, public authorities which may receive personal data in the framework of a particular inquiry in accordance with Union or Member State law shall not be regarded as recipients; the processing of those data by those public authorities shall be in compliance with the applicable data protection rules according to the purposes of the processing (source GDPR).
Restriction of processing of personal data: marking of stored personal data with the aim of limiting their processing in the future (source GDPR).
Risk: effect of uncertainty (source ISO 45001).
Telematic control: embedded system on board of a vehicle that controls tracking of the vehicle.
Top management: person or group of persons who directs and controls an oganisation at the highest level (source ISO 45001).
Workplace: place under the control of the company where a person has to be or to go for work purposes (source ISO 45001).